100 ADS Design Examples Based on the Textbook: RF and Microwave Circuit Design
Example 2.11-2A: Calculate the input impedance of a short-circuited microstrip transmission line for a given electrical length of the line.
This circuit was built with a quarter-wave microstrip synthesized for 10 GHz with given substrate (conductivity of gold) using the LineCalc tool.
The following results conclude that a short-circuited quarter-wave transmission line has high impedance, similar to an open circuit. A short circuited transmission line that is not a quarter-wave transmission line will not have high impedance as demonstrated by frequencies far outside of the range of optimization (10 GHz). This phenomena is is consistent with electromagnetic theory on transmission lines.
Theoretical relationship between transmission line length (short-circuited) and it’s imaginary impedance component: