Keysight ADS – Extraction of Lumped Element Model from Coaxial Line using Short Circuit Analysis

The following ADS project is meant to analyze an RG58 coaxial cable and extract a “lumped element model” containing discrete components intended to represent distributed values. The lumped element values for R, L, G, and C for ideal coaxial lines can be obtained from the following equations. “a” is the radius of the inner conductor and “b” is the radius of the outer conductor. It is important to note that since these are ideal values, the actual simulation will differ from calculated values. R and G are nonreactive and therefore will be quite similar, however C and L which are frequency dependent will vary.

Like with other ADS projects, creating variables is an easy way to change component values, especially when these need to be duplicated. In the ideal transmission line palette, the COAX_MDS component can be found.

The Dielectric loss model can be changed to Frequency independent, as shown. This will prevent the frequency dependent parameters from changing from the calculated values. First, a short circuit analysis can be performed in order to determine resistance and inductance values (shorting out the dielectric parameters C and G). Using the “name” option at the top of the screen, the input wire can be named “Z_SC”.  An AC simulation can be performed with the schematic shown. The results for per unit length resistance are shown from the simulation. Decibel scale is used for the x axis and the y limits are changed to get a better looking plot. The following image demonstrates placing equations in the data display window and using a calculated value to compare with a simulated value. As expected, the results of the calculated and simulated values agree (they are both close to zero). Although, the resistance differs a bit (not sure why). The inductance normally would vary, but because the frequency independent model was selected for the coax cable, they are exactly the same at 100MHz. 