The goal of the project is to design a 50 ohm microstrip line at an operating frequency of 10 GHz and phase delay of 145 degrees.
The following ADS simulation will be composed of four major parts:
a) Designing the microstrip lines using two models (I.J. Bahl and D.K. Trivedi model and E. Hammerstad and Jensen model). The insertion loss (S(2,1)) will be plotted over the range of 10 MHz to 30 GHz.
b) Assuming reasonable dielectric losses, results should be compared to part a
c) Creation of ideal transmission lines with same parameters compared to part a and b
d) Showing dispersion on the lossless microstrip line. This is compared to the ideal line.
The LineCalc tool (which uses the Hammerstad and Jensen model) within ADS is used to design the second line with the correct specifications. The first circuit is designed using hand calculated values.
The following shows using the LineCalc tool to get the values for the second schematic.
The simulation is shown below.
A new substrate is created with a loss tangent of .0002 for the second schematic. The simulation results in:
An ideal transmission line circuit is created and compared with both the lossy and lossless lines.
In order to demonstrate dispersion, the phase velocity must be calculated. As shown by the values compared from 0 GHz to 30 GHz, the phase velocity does not change for the ideal line, but does for the microstrip line.